“The die is cast.” –Julius Caesar
(He spoke these words as he crossed the Rubicon River on to conquer his enemies.)
It has been said Julius Caesar began to excel in everything he attempted when he turned 40-years old. He was an orator, politician, writer, and beloved general of the Roman Army.His ambition was the transformation of Rome from a small republic into a conquering empire with himself as emperor. Julius Caesar rose to prominence in the first century BC conquering France, Belgium and Germany. He was the most beloved general of the Roman Army. The senate, led by Pompey was in fear of Caesar’s growing popularity and they even ordered him to disband his army. Julius Caesar refused the order.
He kept his army intact and he and his men marched on the Capitol, crossing the Rubicon River- in this most decisive moment he uttered:
“The die is cast.”
Julius Caesar and his men were on the move and nothing on earth would stop them or turn them around–a civil war ensued. His brilliance in warfare was unmatched and as his foes realized Caesar’s forces were superior they did retreat. Julius Caesar pursued his enemies across Europe and ultimately into Egypt where Pompey was killed and beheaded by the Egyptians; they handed over the severed head to Julius Caesar as a gift. Julius Caesar was said to have wept. There was a sadness in having to kill a former comrade of the Roman Army. While in Egypt Julius Caesar fell in love with Cleopatra and he made her queen of Egypt. When Julius Caesar returned to Rome he ruled as a dictator; it even occurred to observers that Caesar wanted to be recognized as a king. When he was addressed by some senators, he chose not to rise from his seat-this was an admission that he did not consider them his equal.
THE IDES OF MARCH ( March 15)
A senator named, Gaius Cassius sought out other senators in a plot to assassinate Julius Caesar on The Ides of March. Soon Cassius won the approval of sixty men ready to carry out the assassination of Julius Caesar . On March 14th, Caesar gathered with friends at his home and someone brought up the subject of death. They talked about the best death. Caesar is reported to have said: “A sudden death would be best.”
On the morning of March 15th, Caesar’s wife, Calpurnia begged Caesar not to go to the senate that day for she dreamed he would be killed.
Just before Julius Caesar entered the senate building he saw a soothsayer who warned him sometime before of The Ides of March.
Caesar smiled and replied, “The Ides of March have come and gone.”
The soothsayer quickly replied and warned again: “But not gone.”
Caesar brushed by and walked to his seat in the senate and a signal was given to start the attack. Caesar fought back. He was startled when he saw his dear friend-Brutus rushing toward him with dagger too. Caesar stopped fighting his attackers and Brutus struck Caesar with his dagger and Caesar staggered a few feet and then fell to the floor at the foot of a statue of Pompey and there he died.
Julius Caesar is a important historical figure like John F. Kennedy,
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and like both of these men he too was assassinated by political conspirators.